Formal Definition of Edge Computing: An Emphasis on Mobile Cloud and IoT Composition

For example, self-driving cars need to process the information they receive from sensors regarding the speed and proximity of vehicles, people, and various objects. With edge computing, this can be done instantly, enhancing the safety of the driver and others. ROBO is an office located at a distance from its organization’s headquarters. Edge computing architecture can benefit ROBO workers and users, as the architecture can replicate relevant and necessary cloud services locally. An IoT gateway can send data from the edge back to the cloud or centralized datacenter, or to the edge systems to be processed locally.

Therefore, they may be able to reduce the amount they spend each month paying their internet service provider (ISP). The terms IoT device and edge device are sometimes used interchangeably. For instance, if you buy one security camera, you can probably stream all of its footage to the cloud. But if the cameras are smart enough to only save the “important” footage and discard the rest, your internet pipes are saved. Security isn’t the only way that edge computing will help solve the problems IoT introduced.

Formal Definition of Edge Computing: An Emphasis on Mobile Cloud and IoT Composition

Applications such as virtual and augmented reality, self-driving cars, smart cities and even building-automation systems require this level of fast processing and response. Below are the most promising use cases and applications of edge computing across different industries. Edge devices can serve as a point of entry for cyberattacks through which an attacker can inject malicious software and infect the network.


But I’ve been watching some industry experts on YouTube, listening to some podcasts, and even, on occasion, reading articles on the topic. And I think I’ve come up with a useful definition and some possible applications for this buzzword technology. Although “edge” seems to be the most popular way of describing the concept of extending the cloud to the point where data originates, the competing labels Fog Computing and MEC Computing are also being used by vendors — sometimes as synonyms. Orin delivers 275 trillion operations per second (TOPS), an 8x improvement over the company’s previous system, Jetson AGX Xavier. It also includes updates in deep learning, vision acceleration, memory bandwidth and multimodal sensor support.

Disadvantages of Edge Computing

Organizations can specify one or more, depending on their computational needs or those of their products. Some are designed to handle basic events, while others are suited for more complex processes. Also, edge computing servers can be used to deploy entire edge computing networks. Soon, users could have their own personal computers, then personal devices, bringing a significant portion of computational processes to, or at least closer to, the edge. The edge of a network refers to where the local network or its devices interact with the internet—the outer border that “touches” the internet.


Edge computing is one way that a company can use and distribute a common pool of resources across a large number of locations to help scale centralized infrastructure to meet the needs of increasing numbers of devices and data. The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the process of connecting physical objects to the internet. IoT refers to any system of physical devices or hardware that receive and transfer data over networks without any human intervention. A typical IoT system works by continuously sending, receiving, and analyzing data in a feedback loop. Analysis can be conducted either by humans or artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML), in near real-time or over a longer period.

Does the Edge Replace the Cloud?

The Internet of Things (IoT) is made up of smart devices connected to a network—sending and receiving large amounts of data to and from other devices—which produces a large amount of data to be processed and analyzed. The management aspect of edge computing is hugely important for security. Think of how much pain and suffering consumers have experienced with poorly managed Internet of Things devices.


With this topology, the data does not have to travel all the way to a remote data center for the edge device to function properly. The term cloud computing encompasses the delivery of hosted cloud services over the internet. Those service categories are IaaS, PaaS and SaaS, which enterprises select based on their workload and business requirements. Cloud and edge computing differ because the latter results in fewer delays as data moves across a network and stores data more securely away from distributed sites, where cloud computing stores data.

Edge computing combined with other technologies

Because many edge networks are still connected to the internet, a DDoS attack could render the devices on the edge useless. It is vital therefore to ensure your edge network is adequately secured. A cellphone, for example, while powerful compared to what was produced decades ago, still pales in comparison to even a mid-range laptop when it comes to power. The capabilities of a data center can further dwarf the potential of the majority of edge devices. In a more complex edge computing environment, the edge infrastructures can serve as gateways between local data and that coming from outside. According to Gartner, approximately 10% of data generated by enterprises is processed or produced outside a central data center or cloud—or at the edge of a network.


Just as the number of internet-connected devices continues to climb, so does the number of use cases where edge computing can either save a company money or take advantage of extremely low latency. The ongoing global deployment of the 5G wireless standard ties into edge computing because 5G enables faster processing for these cutting-edge, low-latency use cases and applications. These plants typically operate in remote locations, so an edge center is a much better option than a distant server or cloud. Devices can use real-time analytics to monitor the system and shut down machines before a disaster occurs. For example, if a fire breaks out in a building with edge cameras, the devices can distinguish humans within the flame.

Incomplete Data

Examples include oil rigs, ships at sea, remote farms or other remote locations, such as a rainforest or desert. Edge computing does the compute work on site — sometimes on the edge device itself — such as water quality sensors on water purifiers in remote villages, and can save data to transmit to a central point only when connectivity is available. By processing data locally, the amount of data to be sent can be vastly reduced, requiring far less bandwidth or connectivity time than might otherwise be necessary. Edge computing is a distributed computing framework that brings enterprise applications closer to data sources such as IoT devices or local edge servers.

  • This can be achieved by adopting a massively decentralized computing architecture, otherwise known as edge computing.
  • Deploying edge solutions can improve the way vital healthcare machines operate, including portable EKG devices, sensors for monitoring temperature, and glucose monitors.
  • This architecture minimizes the distance between users and applications, as well as common network issues around bandwidth, latency and throughput.
  • Red Hat® Enterprise Linux® is an operating system (OS) that’s consistent and flexible enough to run enterprise workloads in your datacenter or modeling and analytics at the edge.
  • It helps you deploy mini server rooms on lightweight hardware all over the world and is built for workloads requiring long-term stability and security services on hundreds of certified hardware, software, cloud, and service providers.

Ultimately, this allows companies to innovate faster, stand up new products and services more quickly and opens up possibilities for the creation of new revenue streams. One of the best ways to implement edge computing is in smart home devices. In smart homes, a number of IoT devices collect data from around the house. The data is then sent to a remote server where it is stored and processed. This architecture can cause a number of problems in the event of a network outage. Edge computing can bring the data storage and processing centers close to the smart home and reduce backhaul costs and latency.

Hybrid Cloud and the Edge

This proximity to data at its source can deliver strong business benefits, including faster insights, improved response times and better bandwidth availability. As the name suggests, C-RANs run in cloud environments with centralized management of baseband units (BBUs). However, the use of edge computing architecture can help C-RANs alleviate the latency issues cloud computing can face when the BBUs are relocated to centralized processing edge-computing-definition stations. In a cloud computing model, compute resources and services are often centralized at large datacenters. Clouds often provide a portion of the network infrastructure required to connect IoT devices to the internet. However, the exponential growth in the volume of data produced and the number of devices connected to the internet has made it difficult for traditional data center infrastructures to accommodate them.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *